We’ve spent several hours with a leaked version of Microsoft’s new Windows 11 operating system. Here’s a preview of what we expect will be its formal launch on June 24.

microsoft windows 11 flower background large

Mark Hachman / IDG

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Editor’s Note: This hands-on report is based on the Windows 11 build which leaked around June 15. For our report on the official preview build of Windows 11, provided by Microsoft, please see our official hands-on with Windows 11.

Windows 11 is Microsoft’s next operating system. It’s here, it’s real, and we’re using a leaked version of it right now. Our hands-on should provide an early first look at what you can expect in the shipping version: the addition of a mammoth widgets drawer, an updated Windows 10X-like user interface, and more. 

On June 24, Microsoft will host a Windows event, promising “what’s next for Windows.” Microsoft teased the event with a graphic that showed light falling through a window to create a shadow that looked very much like the number 11. The company also set the announcement for 11 a.m. ET. Chief executive Satya Nadella calls it the next generation of Windows. And make no mistake: The leaked version of Windows 11 we used advertises itself as Windows 11 throughout.

It’s worth noting that Microsoft hasn’t yet released Windows 11 officially, either as a public release or as part of the Windows Insider beta program. We also have no idea what development stage our leaked build of Windows 11 represents. We obtained Windows Dev build 21996.1 via a leak from the web, downloaded it, and installed it on a Microsoft Surface Pro 7+. While we don’t have any performance metrics to compare performance before and after installing Windows 11, we can tell you that the experience felt decidedly snappy, though we ran into a few bugs.

Based on our experiences so far, it makes sense to think about Windows 11 as something more than Windows 10, but far less than what we’d consider a “true” next-generation operating system. Microsoft didn’t rip apart Windows 10 and start over. Instead, this is an evolutionary take on Windows 10, as the term “Windows 11” implies.

Windows 11 installation

As you might expect, downloading and installing Windows 11 is a fairly major operation. The ISO itself weighed in at just over 4GB, and the Windows 11 installation process required 20 minutes or so of installation and several reboots. (We ran into trouble installing Windows 11 on a virtual machine, so we formatted the Surface Pro 7+ tablet and installed it from a fresh install of Windows 10 21H1, signed into with a local account. We don’t recommend installing an untested Windows 10 or Windows 11 build from the web.)

microsoft windows 11 install Mark Hachman / IDG

Much of the setup for Windows 11 should be familiar.

What we didn’t see was the jarring “Hi, I’m Cortana!” voice that launches the Windows 10 out-of-the-box (OOBE experience). In fact, the leaked build we tested offered little of the familiar experience at all, including ad preferences. While the OOBE experience may be different with a fresh PC you’ve just purchased, Windows 11 as an upgrade appears to leverage heavily what it already knows about you and your PC. The whole process was accompanied by rather psychedelic screens asking you to keep your PC plugged in, featuring slowly shifting colored backgrounds that slightly suggested a lava lamp.

Microsoft Windows 11 setup large Mark Hachman / IDG

A new font and some new artwork help pass the time during Windows 11 installation.

Windows 11 first impressions

When the process is completed, Windows 11 greets you with your default desktop background, and a small collection of icons grouped together at the center of your taskbar. There’s no introductory welcome screen yet, but clicking the Start menu reveals that Windows Tips has been revamped to help guide you into the new world of Windows 11. Somewhat amusingly, Microsoft Teams showed up right away.

Microsoft windows 11 hero shot large Mark Hachman / IDG

Microsoft has included some stunning desktop wallpapers to back up Windows 11. This is the best by far.

If this all looks familiar, it should. Windows 11 draws heavily from Windows 10X, the simplified version of Windows that leaked back in January and that Microsoft later killed. Like Windows 10X, Windows 11 uses the same cluster of icons at the center of your taskbar, with a Start menu that pops straight up from a new Start logo at the left-hand side. So far, it looks like Microsoft has decided to kill off the Live Tiles that were featured within Windows 10 and move to a straightforward hierarchy of app icons instead.

To be frank, Windows 10X was dull. The gray background felt institutional. Even if you prefer functionality over form, there are some notable differences with the cheery new icons at the bottom of the screen. For instance, the search box is kicked one level down: A search icon on the taskbar opens up a Windows 10-like search box, where you can search local documents as well as the web. Microsoft has collected several new, stunning desktop wallpapers that are accessible via the traditional Windows 10 Settings > Personalization > Background menu. You’ll also see the small UI changes that Microsoft hinted at before as part of “Sun Valley:” new, refreshed icons and rounded corners on menus.

microsoft windows 11 start menu Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows 11’s new Start menu. Notice the (barely perceptible) rounded corners.

If you miss the old layout, you can get some of it back. Right-clicking the taskbar allows you to open up a taskbar options page, where you can align the taskbar icons to the far left. When you then open the Start menu, it pops up in the left-hand corner.

At this point, however, Microsoft seems like it’s imposing its choice for you to use taskbar icons, rather than a Windows 10-style of tabs that offered a bit more space and textual explanation of what those icons meant. Hovering over each icon with the mouse reveals any multiple windows that the app may be hiding. There’s also a “badge” of sorts that graphically indicates if there’s more than one window, though it’s not that illustrative.

The Start menu feels a little pedestrian, with a vertical array of apps to scroll. To be fair, however, many app vendors never really took advantage of the scrolling, interactive Live Tiles, and they’re a holdover from the Windows 10 Mobile legacy of phones as well. 

Interestingly, Microsoft has added a “Recommended” list of recent documents at the bottom of the Start menu. It’s unclear whether Microsoft will “recommend” recent documents, or whether they’ll be algorithmically chosen for what Windows thinks is relevant. 

microsoft windows 11 taskbar closeup large Mark Hachman / IDG

A closeup of the Windows 11 taskbar icons.

The taskbar hides some other surprises. Task View, the ability to group “workspaces” together and flip back and forth between Windows and tabs, remains—even though it felt under-utilized within Windows 10. Cortana, the “face” of Windows 10, remains as an app, but she doesn’t appear in the Start menu at all, and is accessible only by launching the app itself.

There’s also a fantastic, though hidden change to Windows Snap, too: Microsoft has implemented PowerToys’ FancyZones right into the OS. FancyZones was introduced in 2020, and is one of a suite of Windows tools that allows users to position windows into “zones” on their desktop: not just a square, but a narrow strip along the side of the display, and so on. Now it’s built right into every windowed app! Simply hover your mouse over the “maximize windows” icon, and you’ll see an option to align your window in a variety of configurations. Windows 11 is even smart enough to know that a 4K display offers more space to align windows, and will give you more options than a tablet.

windows 11 snap powertoys fancyzones large Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows 11 appears like it’s implemented  FancyZones right in the operating system.

Quite a bit of Windows 11 looks the same as Windows 10: the Action Center in the lower right-hand corner, for example, remains unchanged. But there’s an enormous change to Windows 11 that we haven’t seen before: Widgets.

microsoft windows 11 file explorer icons Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows 11’s File Manager, and some of the new, updated folder icons.

Windows 11’s massive Widgets drawer

Right smack in the middle of the Taskbar icons is Widgets, a feature that we haven’t seen since the days of Windows 98 and Windows XP. These aren’t really desktop widgets, but rather a supersized version of Windows 10’s News and Interests feature that Microsoft rolled out in April. (Some people already want to remove it). We’re not kidding: It’s an absolutely massive takeover of your PC’s desktop, sliding in from the left-hand side.

microsoft windows 11 widgets 2 large Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows 11’s absolutely gargantuan Widgets drawer, which shows nothing more than News & Interests at the moment.

It’s not clear what Microsoft intends Widgets to be: a home for Windows “gadgets” and other utilities? A repository for relevant news, such as the events of the day? But there’s one catch…maybe. Right now, Widgets hides everything behind a “paywall” of sorts, blocking Widgets from Windows 11 PCs with local accounts and requiring you to login with a Microsoft account (MSA) to access Widgets. If you’re the type of person who prefers a local account anyway, it’s likely that Widgets won’t be for you.

The rest of Windows 11

Not all of the apps that you take for granted appear to have migrated to Windows 11—whether deliberately or because of the development timetable, we’re not sure. 

Microsoft Windows 11 get started with windows Mark Hachman / IDG

The Windows 11 Tips app looks like it may end up as an introduction of sorts to Windows 11…though it’s still showing a Windows 10 screen here.

Many apps that “appear” in the Start menu are simply shortcuts to download them: To-Do, for example, Microsoft News, Photos, and the Xbox app. Our beta showed some growing pains here: At launch, the Photos app crashed and then tried to re-open again several times, until the app itself just gave up. We also couldn’t access some folders in File Manager, and Microsoft Paint refused to launch. We expect these bugs to be fixed as Microsoft works through Windows 11 development, naturally.

Other components are more stable. The latest Microsoft Edge, version 91, is built into Windows 11 and worked smoothly. The Control Panel still exists and looks nearly identical to the one in Windows 10, with a few changes to reflect new Windows 11 functionality. Microsoft still updates Windows Defender and various aspects of the operating system via Windows Update. Task Manager looks the same.

I found the familiar collection of Microsoft apps within the Microsoft Store app, all waiting for updates: Windows Voice Recorder, Your Phone, Microsoft People, and more. (The Store app crashed while downloading these updates, by the way.) It’s worth noting that while Your Phone and People appeared on the Windows 10 taskbar, in Windows 11 (so far!) they do not. 

Microsoft windows 11 task view large Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows 11’s Task View actually spans more than one display, if you have more than one available.

Finally, this is not Windows 10 S, or anything close. You’re free to download and install traditional Win32 apps. The few I tried ran normally. 

Early thoughts on Windows 11

This leaked version of Windows 11 leaves me with mixed feelings. I’ve always been in favor of new features, and unlike many, I welcomed features like News and Interests as an attempt to tack on to and improve Windows 10. Aesthetics have usually come second. However, Windows 10X felt cold and lifeless, and the new Windows 11 Start menu doesn’t feel all that welcoming, though it at least feels more functional, which for some may be a step in the right direction.

On the other hand, I’ve always raved about Windows’ personalization elements, and I’m pleased to see that Microsoft has outdone itself with its customized Windows 11 backgrounds. As Microsoft moves closer to launch, it probably needs to hold users’ hands a bit more, either by automatically launching Windows Tips or by guiding users through a tour of the OS via Microsoft Edge or some other app.

Normally, we’d have the luxury of examining Windows 11 through a lens of Microsoft-supplied context. We simply don’t know who Windows 11 is for, when it will release, or even if Microsoft will charge for it. Based on what we’ve seen, it seems likely that Microsoft will tell us that it saw an opportunity to pare down Windows to what it believes customers will like best, and that it will release Windows 11 as a free upgrade. Microsoft may charge PC makers to use its operating systems, but it wants consumers subscribing to Xbox Game Pass and Microsoft 365. That model will undoubtedly remain.

Six years or so of working within Windows 10 has instilled a sort of muscle memory, so Windows 11 does feel a bit unfamiliar. So far, however, I’ve been surprised by how much I’ve liked it. Windows 11 remains just a bit unfinished, however, and it will be interesting to see how Microsoft polishes it in the weeks and months to come.

Updated at 7:17 PM on June 28 with a referral to PCWorld’s hands-on of the official Windows 11 preview build.

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As PCWorld’s senior editor, Mark focuses on Microsoft news and chip technology, among other beats.